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De jure kingdoms in 1066

Kingdom.png A Kingdom is the title level below empire and above duchy, and the most common rank for independent realms. It is generally held by a King ranked character; emperors also usually hold the kingdom title which their capital belongs to de jure .The portrait of kings (or equivalent) has a golden border. King Feudal.png

To create or usurp a de jure kingdom title, a character is required to:

  • Control at least 51% of the title's de jure counties
  • Already control a kingdom or empire, or else hold two or more duchy titles. Note that these duchy titles do not have to be located within the kingdom the character intends to found or usurp
  • Payment of 400 wealth plus 200 piety (or equivalent). If the player character activates the Become king ambition, all costs are halved. In addition, wealth cost is gradually reduced as the character amasses piety, with 50% discount at 1000 piety.
  • Meet specific religious and/or cultural conditions (since Patch 2.0 most conditions only apply to the AI).

De jure duchies within a kingdom may be assimilated into another kingdom over time through de jure drift, and many kingdoms do not de facto control all of their de jure territory at most start dates. For example, in 1066, the Duchy of Toulouse is part of the de jure Kingdom of Aquitaine, but is entirely controlled by the King of France. Thus, if the King of France keeps Toulouse for at least 100 years, that duchy will become de jure territory of France. (Time required for complete assimilation may be changed by the player on game rules panel at game session start).

A king-tier character will have a Casus Belli for each county in their de jure kingdom they do not control. Additionally, independent counts located in their de jure kingdom or have the same culture as the king are more likely to accept diplomatic vassalization if offered.

A kingdom without any de jure lands is titular. Some of them can be created if the character owns a designated capital county and meets certain criteria, listed below. If a duchy is assimilated into a titular kingdom, it is no longer considered titular and the assimilated duchy becomes de jure territory of the new kingdom.

Mechanics unlocked at king rank

  • Demesne levy size modifiers:
    • Capital county bonus: All holdings directly owned by the king-tier character within the capital county receive +50% levy bonus if the ruler is independent;
    • Capital duchy bonus: All holdings directly owned by the king-tier character, inside every de jure province located in the capital duchy (excluding the capital county itself), receive +25% levy bonus if the king (or equivalent) is independent, or +15% if the king is a vassal.
  • Laws Panel: An independent king-ranked liege may change the following legislation:
    • All previous laws unlocked by independent county and duchy rulers;
    • Investiture: Enables appointment of Catholic bishop characters either by the liege or by the Pope. If DLC icon Conclave.png Conclave DLC is active, it is accessible under realm laws tab;
    • If the DLC icon Conclave.png Conclave Expansion is inactive, the Crown Authority law is enabled. At each new level, this law allows title revocation, control of vassal inheritance, war among vassals, and unlocks additional succession types
      • If a character controls more than one kingdom (or equivalent), each title may have different "Crown Authority" and "Investiture" laws. Other circumstances may trigger application of overlapping crown laws;
    • On the other hand, if the DLC icon Conclave.png Conclave DLC is active, the laws below replace Crown Authority and are located under realm laws tab:
      • Controlled Realm Inheritance: Enables the liege to forbid inheritance of lower titles by characters living outside the realm;
      • Vassal War Declaration: The king-ranked character allows free wars among their vassals, or permits vassals to wage external wars only, or disallows vassals to wage war at all.
  • Council (requires the DLC icon Conclave.png Conclave DLC): Receives +1 Advisor slot as an extra voting position which is visible only under "My Council" tab (if the council is empowered to vote on law changes)
  • Honorary titles / Minor titles: These are uninheritable titles granted to any courtier in exchange for an opinion bonus:
    • General Titles: +2 Commanders (6x Commanders in total)
    • Cultural Titles: Other minor titles are unlocked according to the king's (or equivalent) religion, culture, or government type
    • The liege pays a monthly salary to the holder of a honorary title.


The proper title of a king-rank character and their respective land titles are generated according to the combination of their religion, government type and culture, for instance:

  • King-tier Greek characters are titled despots
  • Arabic or Turkish kings are known as sultans
  • Iranian kings are called shahs and West African lieges are mansas
  • Altaic and Mongol kings are known as khans
  • Indian kings are known as maharajas and Tibetan kings are gyalpos
  • Merchant republic rulers who attain king-tier titles are known as prince mayors, but Latin and Byzantine cultures use serene doge, while Muslims call them wali-maliks
  • Characters who are granted kingdom viceroyalties are titled viceroys, or exarchs if they are Greek.

Custom kingdoms

With the DLC icon Charlemagne.png Charlemagne DLC, rulers can create a custom de jure kingdom. This decision is available to independent dukes with 1000 prestige as well as either 35 holdings in their realms, or else three duchy titles.

Custom kingdoms are named after their creator's primary duchy (although they can be renamed with the Customization Pack DLC) and belong to the same de jure empire that the ruler's previous de jure kingdom was part of.

List of de jure kingdoms

Any kingdom on this list with its requirements listed as N/A is impossible to be created or usurped, and therefore will only be on the map in campaigns where the kingdom exists at game start.

Kingdom De Jure Duchies De Jure Empire(s) Requirements AI additional requirements Culture[1] ID Capital Other names
Abyssinia Harer, Axum, Semien, Afar, Gondar, Wag, Gojjam, Damot, Shewa Abyssinia Ethiopian k_abyssinia Gondar
Africa Tunis, Tripolitana, Cyrenaica, Kabylia Arabian Empire Berber k_africa Tunis
Alania Alania, Azov Tartaria Alan culture Alan k_alania Alania
Anatolia Anatolia, Thracesia, Charsianon, Paphlagonia, Cilicia, Samos, Cibyrrhaeot Byzantine Empire Greek k_anatolia Ikonion (Konya)
Andalusia All: Granada. 769 and 867: Aragon. Before 1085: Toledo. Before 1147: Beja. Before 1212: Badajoz, Valencia, Mallorca, Cordoba. Before 1249: Seville. Before 1266: Murcia. Hispania Arabic culture group Andalusian k_andalusia Cordoba
Andhra Vengi, Udayagiri Deccan Empire Telugu k_andhra Udayagiri
Aquitaine Aquitaine, Toulouse, Gascogne, Poitou, Auvergne, Bourbon. 769 and 867 only: Barcelona. Francia Occitan k_aquitaine Bordeaux
Arabia Arabia, Medina, Sanaa, Oman, Nefoud, Damman Arabian Empire Bedouin k_arabia Medina
Aragon 769 and 867: None (titular). 1066 and later: Aragon, Barcelona. 1212: Mallorca, Valencia Hispania Christian religion Castillan k_aragon Barcelona
Armenia Armenia, Mesopotamia, Edessa, Coloneia, (Azerbaijan) Byzantine Empire Christian religion group Armenian k_armenia Ani
Asturias Asturias (769 and 867 only) Hispania Has not been replaced by Leon (technically, Leon has no holder or previous holder) Castillan k_asturias Asturias
Bavaria Bavaria, Austria, Tyrol, Carinthia Germania (769), Holy Roman Empire (other) German k_bavaria Oberbayern
Bengal Vanga, Varendra, Gauda, Nadia, Suhma Bengal Empire Bengali k_bengal Laksmanavati
Bihar Tirabhukti, Kasi, Jharkand, Magadha Bengal Empire Bengali k_bihar Magadha
Bohemia Bohemia, Moravia (other than 867) Germania (769), Wendish Empire (867), Holy Roman Empire (from 15 Sept. 1066) Bohemian k_bohemia Praha
Brittany Brittany Francia Celtic culture group Breton k_brittany Vannes Bertangaland, Arymôr, Bhriotáin, Bretagne
Bulgaria Vidin, Turnovo, Karvuna Byzantine Empire Bulgarian k_bulgaria Tyrnovo
Burgundy Provence, Savoy, Dauphine, Upper Burgundy Francia Occitan k_burgundy Provence
Castille 769 and 867: None (titular). 1066: Castille 1085: Toledo 1212: Cordoba 1249: Sevilla 1266: Murcia Hispania Christian religion group Castillan k_castille Burgos
Croatia Slavonia, Bosnia, Croatia, Dalmatia Byzantine Empire Croatian k_croatia Zadar
Cumania Yaik, Sibir, Kipchak, Kimak, Kirghiz Tartaria Cuman culture Cuman k_cuman Sarkel
Daylam Gilan, Mazandaran, Tabriz, Azerbaijan, Dihistan Persian Empire Persian k_daylam Gilan
Delhi Kuru, Haritanaka, Mathura, Vodamayutja Rajastan Hindustani k_delhi Delhi
Denmark Skane, Sjaelland, Slesvig. 867 and later: Holstein Scandinavia Danish k_denmark Sjaelland Danmark
Egypt Alexandria, Damietta, Cairo, Aswan, Sinai Arabian Empire Egyptian k_egypt Cairo
England Northumberland, Lancaster, York, Norfolk, Bedford, Warwick (Mercia), Gloucester, Kent, Somerset Britannia Saxon k_england Middlesex Lloegyr, Sasana
Finland Estonia, Karelia, Finland, Livonia Scandinavia North Germanic or Finno Ugric culture group Finnish k_finland Finland Suomi
France Berry, Anjou, Normandy, Orleans, Valois, Flanders. In 867 and later, also Burgundy, Champagne Francia Frankish k_france Ile de France 769 and 867: West Francia (becomes France if no longer held by a Karling)
Frisia Holland, Gelre Francia (769), Holy Roman Empire (other) Dutch culture Dutch k_frisia Holland
Galicia Before 1109: Portucale. Before 1212: Galicia. After 1212: None (titular). Hispania Christian religion Portuguese k_spanish_galicia Coruña
Georgia Kartli, Derbent, Abkhazia Byzantine Empire Georgian k_georgia Kartli
Germany Thuringia, Köln, Franconia, Baden, Swabia. 867 and later: Brunswick. 1066 and later, also Saxony, Brandenburg, Meissen Germania (769), Holy Roman Empire (other) German k_germany Nassau 769 and 867: East Francia (becomes Germany if no longer held by a Karling)
Gondwana Dahala, Ratanpur Bengal Empire Hindustani k_gondwana Tripuri
Great Moravia 867: Moravia. Other starts: None (titular). Germania (769), Wendish Empire (867), Holy Roman Empire (from 15 Sept. 1066) Bohemian k_moravia Brno
Greece Nikaea, Aegean Islands, Thrace, Adrianopolis, Thessalonika, Dyrrachion, Epirus, Athens, Achaia, Krete, Cyprus Byzantine Empire Greek culture Greek k_byzantium Constantinople
Guge Purang, Ngari, Ladakh Tibet Zhangzhung k_guge Tsaparang Zhangzhung, Xiangxiong
Gujarat Gurjara Mandala, Anartta, Saurashtra, Lata Rajastan Gujarati k_gujarat Sarasvata Mandala
(Avaria or Pannonia in certain conditions)
Pecs, Esztergom, Nyitra, Ungvar, Pest, Translyvania, Temes Carpathia Magyar culture group or Avar culture Hungarian k_hungary Esztergom
Iraq Baghdad, Samarra, Tigris, Basra Persian Empire Levantine k_iraq Baghdad Babylonia
Ireland Ulster, Connacht, Meath, Leinster, Munster Britannia Irish k_ireland Dublin Irland, Éire, Iuerthon, Iwerddon, Iwerzhon
Italy Verona, Susa, Lombardy, Genoa, Modena, Ferrara, Tuscany, Pisa, Ancona, Spoleto, Latium Italia Christian religion group Italian k_italy Rome 769: Lombardy, until held by a ruler without Lombard culture
Jerusalem Oultrejordain, Ascalon, Jerusalem, Galilee Arabian Empire Christian religion. (Gives 5000 prestige and 2000 piety on creation) Levantine k_jerusalem Jerusalem
Kabulistan Kabul, Zabulistan Persian Empire Afghan k_afghanistan Kabul
Kamarupa Kamarupanagara, Para Lauhitya, Sutiya Bengal Empire Assamese k_kamarupa Kamarupanagara
Karnata Kalyani, Gangavadi, Nulambavadi, Raichur Doab Deccan Empire Kannada k_karnata Kalyani
Kashmir Kashmir, Pamir, Uttaranchal Tibet Panjabi k_kashmir Kasmira
Kham Dege, Qamdo, Nyingchi Tibet Bödpa k_kham Qamdo Kang
Khorasan Khorasan, Herat, Merv, Balkh Persian Empire Persian k_khorasan Nishapur
Khotan Kashgar, Khotan, Karashar, Kumul Tartaria Altaic culture group k_khotan Khotan Uyghurstan, Altishahr, Ytarimypoy
Kosala Kanyakubja, Saryupara, Jejakabhukti Rajastan Hindustani k_kosala Kanyakubja
Lanka Lanka, Sinhala Deccan Empire Sinhala k_lanka Dakhina Desa
León All: León. 769 and 867 only: Castille. 1066: Asturias. 1126: Galicia 1212: Badajoz Hispania Replaces Asturias by the king's decision: Create León Christian religion group Castillan k_leon León
Lithuania Pruthenia, Polotsk, Lithuania, Courland, Samogitia, Yatvingia Wendish Empire Lithuanian k_lithuania Aukshayts Prussia
Lotharingia Luxembourg, Upper Lorraine, Lower Lorraine, Alsace, Brabant. In 769, also Burgundy, Champagne Francia (769), Holy Roman Empire (other) Frankish k_lotharingia Luxembourg 769: Middle Francia (becomes Austrasia if no longer held by a Karling)
Maharastra Vidharba, Konkana, Nasikya, Devagiri, Rattapadi Deccan Empire Marathi k_maharastra Devagiri
Mali Timbuktu, Ghana, Mali, Songhay Mali Manden k_mali Timbuktu
Malwa Dadhipadra (Avanti), Akara Dasarna, Anupa Rajastan Hindustani k_malwa Ujjayini
Mauretania Marrakech, Tangier, Fes, Alger, Tlemcen Arabian Empire Berber k_mauretania Marrakech
Al-Jazira Kermanshah, Mosul, Jazira, Mudar Persian Empire Levantine k_mesopotamia Mosul Assyria
Mongolia Altay, Otuken, Khangai, Ikh Bogd Tartaria Mongol k_mongolia Kara-khorum Uyghur, Kirghiz
Navarra Navarra Hispania Basque culture, Christian religion group Basque k_navarra Navarra
Nepal Kathmandu, Gorkha Tibet Nepali k_nepal Kathmandu Nibo'er
Norway Iceland, Orkney, Vestlandet, Ostlandet, Trondelag, Jamtland Scandinavia Norwegian k_norway Bergenshus Noregr, Norge
Nubia Nobatia, Nubia (Makuria), Sennar, Hayya (Blemmyia) Abyssinia Christian religion group Nubian k_nubia Makuria
Orissa Daksina Kosala, Tosali, Kalinga, Dandakaranya Bengal Empire Oriya k_orissa Kataka
Perm Perm, Yugra, Bjarmia, Ugra Russia Finno-ugric culture group Komi k_perm Perm
Persia Mafaza, Fars, Khozistan, Jibal, Kurdistan Persian Empire Persian k_persia Esfahan
Poland Mazovia, Greater Poland, Silesia, Lesser Poland, Kuyavia Wendish Empire Polish k_poland Krakowskie
Pomerania Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Pomeralia. In 769 and 867: also Brandenburg, Meissen; and only in 867 Saxony Wendish Empire Pagan religion group Pomeranian k_pomerania Stettin
Portugal Before 1109: None (titular). 1109: Portucale. 1147: Beja 1249: Algarve Hispania Christian religion Portuguese k_portugal Lisboa
Punjab Multan, Lahore, Gandhara Rajastan Panjabi k_punjab Lahur
Rajputana Maru, Jangladesh, Stravani, Medapata, Ajmer Rajastan Rajput k_rajputana Ajayameru
Rus Beloozero, Novgorod, Pskov, Rostov, Tver, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Moskva Russia Russian, Finno Ugric or North Germanic culture group Russian k_rus Novgorod Garðaríki, Mordvinia
Ruthenia Kiev, Galich, Volhynia, Turov, Vitebsk, Smolensk, Chernigov, Bryansk, Ryazan, Pereyaslavl Russia North Germanic or East Slavic culture group Russian k_ruthenia Kiev Könugarðr, Könugård, Kønugård
Sápmi Sápmi, Kola, Finnmark Scandinavia Finno-Ugric culture group Sami k_sapmi Sápmi Norðrríki, Nordarike, Lapland
Sardinia and Corsica Sardinia, Corsica Italia Italian k_sardinia Cagliari Sardenya i Còrsega, Sardhnia kai thn Korsikn, Sardegna e Corsica
(769 only)
Brunswick, Holstein, Saxony Germania Saxon or Anglo-Saxon culture Saxon Saxon k_saxony Anhalt
Scotland Galloway (Strathclyde), The Isles, Lothian, Albany, Moray (Fortriu), Mann Britannia Scottish k_scotland Gowrie Skotland, Skottland, Alban, Alba, Pictland
Serbia Rashka, Duklja Byzantine Empire Serbian k_serbia Rashka (Rascia)
Sicily Benevento, Capua, Apulia, Salerno, Calabria, Sicily Byzantine Empire Italian k_sicily Napoli (Neapolis)
Sindh Sauvira, Bhakkar Rajastan Sindhi k_sindh Debul
Sistan Baluchistan, Sistan Persian Empire Afghan k_baluchistan Makran Sagistan, Baluchistan
Sweden Uppland, Ostergotland, Vastergotland, Norrland, Bergslagen, Smaland Scandinavia Swedish k_sweden Uppland Sviþjod, Svea Rike
Syria Aleppo, Antioch, Tripoli, Damascus, Syria Arabian Empire Levantine k_syria Damascus
Tamilakam Chola Nadu, Pandya Nadu, Chera Nadu, Tondai Nadu Deccan Empire Tamil k_tamilakam Cholamandalam
Telingana Warangal, Racakonda Deccan Empire Telugu k_telingana Orangallu
Transoxiana Khiva, Samarkand, Khuttal, Ferghana, Persian Empire Persian k_khiva Khiva Sogdiana, Margiana
Trebizond Trebizond, Armeniacon Byzantine Empire Greek k_trebizond Trapezous
Turkestan Turkestan, Zhetysu, Syr Darya Tartaria Turkish k_turkestan Syr Darya
Venice Venice Italia Be a republic Italian k_venice Venice
Volga Bulgaria Bolgar, Cheremisa, Mari, Mordva Tartaria Altaic culture group Bolghar k_volga_bulgaria Bulgar
Wales Gwynedd, Deheubarth, Cornwall, Powys (769 only). Britannia Celtic culture Welsh k_wales Gwynedd Brythoniaid, Kembre, Bhreatain Bheag
Wallachia Wallachia, Moldau Carpathia Vlach culture Vlach k_dacia Tirgoviste
Xixia Jiuquan, Qinghai, Nagormo, Nangqen Tibet Tangut k_xixia Jiuquan Tuyuhun, Amdo, Qinghai, Tangghut
Yarlung Lhasa, Yarlung, Shigatse, Nagchu, Sumparu, Bhutan Tibet Bödpa k_yarlung Lhasa Tufan
Yemen Hadramut, Sanaa, Taizz Arabian Empire Bedouin k_yemen Taizz

List of titular kingdoms

Kingdom Requirements Additional AI requirements Culture[1] ID Capital
Almohad N/A k_almohad
Al-Murabitids N/A k_al-murabitids
Aydin N/A k_aydin
Beni Helal N/A k_beni_helal
Bosnia N/A Serbian k_bosnia
Candar N/A Turkish k_candar
Cyprus Be catholic or catholic heretic. Control Famagusta. k_cyprus Famagusta
Ecumenical Patriarchy Always Exists k_orthodox
Eretnid N/A k_eretnid
Genoa Be a republic. Control county of Genoa. Italian k_genoa Genoa
Germiyan N/A k_germiyan
Great Moravia N/A (Tribal) Bohemian k_moravia Brno
Hammadid N/A k_hammadid
Hansa N/A (Created by event in late 1100s if HRE exists) k_hansa
Israel Be Jewish. Control all holdings in the de jure kingdom of Jerusalem. k_israel
Kafsid N/A k_kafsid
Karaman N/A Turkish k_karaman
Magyars N/A (Tribal) Hungarian k_magyar Pest
Marinid N/A k_marinid
Mentese N/A Turkish k_mentese
Naples N/A Italian k_naples Napoli
Ottoman N/A Turkish k_ottoman
Papal State Always Exists k_papal_state
Pechenegs N/A (Tribal) Pecheneg k_pechenegs Oleshye
Pisa Be a Republic. Control county of Pisa Italian k_pisa Pisa
Rum N/A Turkish k_rum
Saruhan N/A Turkish k_saruhan
Seljuk Turks N/A (Tribal) Turkish k_seljuk_turks Esfahan
Taurica Control county of Cherson k_taurica
Tekke N/A k_tekke
Trinacria N/A (after 1.06 patch). Catholic religion or Catholic heresy k_trinacria (Palermo)
Zenata N/A k_zenata
Zirid N/A k_zirid
Ziyanids N/A k_ziyanids

Tribal titles cannot assimilate land, and are automatically destroyed if their ruler acquires a non-tribal title of the same rank. Tribal titles no longer exists from patch 2.2 onwards.

[1] The predefined culture of a kingdom is relevant to liberation revolts.

See also